Working hours: A typical working week starts on Mondays and ends on Friday. Saturday and Sunday are work-free for most people. Normal working hours are 8 hours / day, usually between 8am and 6pm.
Forms of employment: Basically, a distinction is made between independent and dependent work in Austria. If you work independently, you are usually employed by a company. Depending on the number of hours, there are different employment contracts:
- Full time (usually 38.5 h / week)
- Part time (usually 20 h / week)
- slight (average 10 h / week)
Salary: We distinguish between gross (salary before deduction of taxes) vs. net salary (salary after deduction of taxes). In Austria, taxes are always deducted automatically by the employer, and the net salary is paid. For job advertisements, the gross salary is stated. How much is left after deduction of tax can be calculated on this website.
Illicit work: Working without a contract (often referred to in German as “undeclared work”) and therefore also without the payment of health and pension insurance contributions is a punishable offense for employers and employees in Austria.
Vacation: Each employee is entitled to 25 working days of vacation per year. In addition, there are 13 political or religious holidays where all employees and students are free.
Legal advice: The Arbeitererkamer (AK) provides free telephone or personal advice on employment law (contracts). Every employee automatically becomes a member of the AK. In addition to the AK, the Austrian Trade Union Federation (ÖGB) represents the interests of the employees.
Sick leave: If you are sick, the salary will continue to be paid first. How long depends on job and contract. Thereafter you will receive sickness benefit from the health insurance.
Protection against discrimination
A job may only be awarded in Austria on the basis of suitability and not on the basis of gender, origin or religion. Job applicants are entitled to compensation. Find advice in German here.
The chamber of labour (Arbeiterkammer) and the union (Gewerkschaft) offer support in the event of discrimination at working, further information on this topic can be found on the website of the Equal Treatment Office. Information on wearing a headscarf at work can be found here.