In Italy, there are 3 types of employment relationship:
- Permanent, fixed-term or seasonal employment;
- Para-subordinate work (e.g. project contract);
As a worker, you have the following rights:
- Right to remuneration, that is the right to receive money in proportion to the quantity and quality of your work, and in any case sufficient to assure a free and dignified existence to you and your family;
- Personal rights, including the right to physical integrity and health, freedom of opinion and protection of privacy and dignity, and the right to education for student workers;
- Trade union rights, including the right to strike, freedom of organisation and trade union activities.
Normally, working hours are in the range of 40 hours per week. You are entitled to 11 consecutive hours of rest every 24 hours and a resting period of at least 24 consecutive hours, usually on Sundays, every 7 days. You are also entitled to paid annual leave, which should last at least 4 weeks and which you cannot give up with. In case of illness, you have the right not to go to work while maintaining your job and the right to a salary, to the extent and for the time determined by law or collective bargaining. In case of pregnancy, you are entitled to 5 months of “maternity leave”, from the second month before the birth until the third month afterwards.