What are my rights and responsibilities?
As a resettled person in Italy, you are granted fundamental rights (United Nations Declaration of Human Rights) and the specific rights listed in the Italian Constitution (art. 2), and you also have specific responsibilities, such as the duty to work for the well-being of the society, the duty to pay taxes and to be faithful to the Republic and the Italian Constitution. Rights are based on the principle of equity and include, for example, the right to work, the right to social and health assistance, the right to travel freely in Europe without a visa for no more than 3 months (excluding Denmark and Great Britain) and to obtain a travel document equal to the passport (if your embassy in Italy does not want or cannot issue the passport), the right to bring your family members with you to Italy or to get married, the right to obtain a driving licence and to live in public housing.
As a resettled person, you can obtain Italian citizenship through a procedure called “naturalisation” if you have maintained your residence in Italy for at least 5 consecutive years with a valid residence permit. In this case, you should make an online request on the website of the Ministry of Interior by submitting your birth certificate and your original criminal record. If you are unable to obtain these documents, you can write a declaration with the required information, which must be signed in the presence of a judge and at least two witnesses. It is important to know that the new law 132/2018 states that it is also necessary to have an Italian language certificate equal to level B1. Bear in mind the procedure has a cost of about 200 €.