The main ethnic group in Romania is represented by Romanians, and the following important ethnic community is the Hungarian one, but on the state’s territory there are also other minority groups: Roma, German, Slovak, Turkish etc.
In Romania, religion is based on the principle of freedom of choice of religious beliefs, principle that is also enshrined in Romania’s Constitution, together with freedom of thought and freedom of opinion. Romania does not have a national religion officially, and respects the principle of secularization: public authorities are obliged to be neutral regarding associations and religious cults. The predominant declared religion of the population is Christian Orthodoxy.
The official language is Romanian, belonging to the group of eastern Romanic languages and it is related to Italian, French, Spanish and Portuguese and, in general, with most of the European languages.
The form of governance is a semi-presidential republic. The state is organized in conformity with the principle of separation and equilibrium of powers – legislative, executive and judicial – in the framework of a constitutional democracy. The president is elected by universal, equal, direct, secret and free suffrage.
Romania has a unique culture due to its geographical position and of its distinct historical evolution. It is fundamentally defined as a meeting point of 3 regions: Central Europe, Eastern Europe and South-Eastern Europe, but it cannot be completely included in any of them.